``` 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 ``` ```// Exercise 1.5.7 (Solution published at http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/) package algs15; import java.util.Arrays; import stdlib.*; /* ************************************************************************** * Compilation: javac QuickUnionUF.java * Execution: java QuickUnionUF < input.txt * Dependencies: StdIn.java StdOut.java * * Quick-union algorithm. * * % java QuickUnionUF < largeUF.txt * QuickUnionUF # components: 6 [8332.928000] // More than 2 hours * ****************************************************************************/ public class QuickUnionUF implements UF { private int[] id; // id[i] = parent of i private int count; // number of components // instantiate N isolated components 0 through N-1 public QuickUnionUF(int N) { id = new int[N]; count = N; for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) { id[i] = i; } } // return number of connected components public int count() { return count; } // return root of component corresponding to element p public int find(int p) { while (p != id[p]) p = id[p]; return p; } // are elements p and q in the same component? public boolean connected(int p, int q) { return find(p) == find(q); } // merge components containing p and q public void union(int p, int q) { int pid = find(p); // loser int qid = find(q); // champion if (pid == qid) return; id[pid] = qid; count--; } public String toString() { return Arrays.toString (id); } public static void main(String[] args) { StdIn.fromFile ("data/tinyUF.txt"); //StdIn.fromFile ("data/mediumUF.txt"); //StdIn.fromFile ("data/largeUF.txt"); int N = StdIn.readInt(); QuickUnionUF uf = new QuickUnionUF(N); // read in a sequence of pairs of integers (each in the range 0 to N-1), // calling find() for each pair: If the members of the pair are not already // call union() and print the pair. Stopwatch sw = new Stopwatch (); while (!StdIn.isEmpty()) { int p = StdIn.readInt(); int q = StdIn.readInt(); if (uf.connected(p, q)) continue; uf.union(p, q); StdOut.println(p + " " + q); GraphvizBuilder.ufToFile (uf.id); } StdOut.format("QuickUnionUF # components: %d [%f]\n", uf.count(), sw.elapsedTime ()); } } ```